CHILDREN RIGHTS IN ISLAM
CHILDREN RIGHTS IN ISLAM – Children in Islam are the joy of life and sight of the sore eyes. Islam paid special attention to children and the Islamic Sharia stated that children have rights and duties toward their parents. Children and the impact of the environment on raising them!
A child got the first images of life enshrined in its mind from the environment of the parents. The Prophet (PBUH) said: “No child is born but has the Islamic Faith, but its parents turn it into a Jew or a Christian”. The parents have the greatest influence on children’s religion and morals. Therefore, children’s interests and the future of the nation depend on children’s righteousness. Accordingly, children’s rights begin as early as before their birth; choosing a good mother and good father, as we have illustrated.
If both parties succeeded in choosing each other, the child has a right. To be protected from Satan and this happens when putting the father’s sperm into the mother’s womb. The Prophet (PBUH) told Muslims about a prayer they should perform during sexual intercourse, which protects the fetus from Satan. Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, reported that the Prophet said: “If anyone of you intends to go to his wife, says: in the name of Allah, O Allah protect us against Stan and keep away the Stan from that you have bestowed upon us, and if it is destined that they should have a child, then Satan will never be able to harm him.”
CHILDREN RIGHTS to Life
The time it develops into a fetus inside its mother’s womb, the child gets the right to life stated by Islam. Islam prohibits abortion. It is haram (forbidden by Islam) for a woman to drop her fetus before its delivery because it is a trust given to her by Allah. The fetus has a right to life and it is haram to harm or hurt it. The Islamic sharia sees the fetus as a human being that must not be killed as soon as it becomes four months old and when the soul is breathed into it. There is diyah (obligatory blood money) that must be paid by anyone who kills a fetus.
Almughira Ibn Shuba said: Allah’s Apostle gave his verdict about two ladies of the Hudhail tribe who had fought each other and one of them had hit the other with a stone. The stone hit her abdomen and as she was pregnant, the blow killed the child in her womb.
They both filed their case with the Prophet (PBUH) and he judged that the blood money for what was in her womb. The guardian of the lady who was fined said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Shall I be fined for a creature that has neither drunk nor eaten, neither spoke nor cried? A case like that should be nullified.” On that, the Prophet (PBUH) said, “This is one of the brothers of soothsayers.”. So, the Prophet (PBUH) judged the blood money for what was in her womb. The relatives of the killer must pay the blood money.